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Article: Industrie und Glück Tarock, Austrian Tarock, Type C, Ferd. Piatnik & Söhne, c.1890- 1920.


Industrie und Glück Tarock, Austrian Tarock, Type C, Ferd. Piatnik & Söhne, c.1890- 1920.

Industrie und Glück (German for 'Industry and Luck') is a pattern of French suited playing cards used to play tarock. The name originates from an inscription found on the second trump card. This deck was developed during the nineteenth century in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. After the collapse of the empire in World War I, it remained the most widely used tarot deck in Central Europe and can be found throughout the former parts of the empire. Though not designed for cartomancy, these cards were used in Argentine fortune telling decks in the mid-20th century. Unlike the Italian tarocco decks which depict Renaissance allegorical motifs or even the French Tarot Nouveau which added modern themes, all Industrie und Glück trumps illustrate genre scenes of rural life with no themes. All trumps except the unnumbered Excuse use Roman numerals unlike the Tarot Nouveau or Cego decks. The pip cards and face cards lack corner indices.

This pattern seems to have emerged rather later than Type B, probably around 1890, the date found on the reins of the cavalier of Clubs in a pack made by Ferd. Piatnik of Vienna and designed by J. Neumayer. (This inscription is retained in many packs made much later). The pattern may have been introduced into Czechoslovakia by Piatnik when they amalgamated with Ritter of Prague after World War I. However, the date 1920 (3 years previous) appears on the saddle of the cavalier of Clubs from packs made by Ceská Grafická Unie of Prague. The pack does not appear ever to have been made in Hungary. It is still made in Vienna and Prague.

Some of the scenes are copied from 19th-century packs by Glanz of Vienna (which followed the style but not the order of any of this series of patterns) and a few came from the Steiger pack.

As with other patterns in this series, the legend on Trump II varies. In Austria it remains constant, with a crowned eagle and "Industrie und Glück". When Bohemia became part of the republic of Czechoslovakia after World War I Ritter (with Piatnik) erased the words but retained the eagle and after World War II the nationalised Obchodní Tiskárny of Prague retained this feature. Between the wars, however, Ceská Grafická Unie had replaced the eagle with a bareheaded falcon and changed the inscription to Audaces Fortuna Juvat. A Piatnik pack of c.1900 showed an imperial eagle with two heads.

More info:
http://i-p-c-s.org/pattern/ps-16.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Industrie_und_Glück

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